Bhutan singed the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) at Rio Earth Summit in 1992. Bhutan was committed to the CBD from the advent of the convention. Recognizing the growing need to address biodiversity conservation concerns through global cooperation and actions and the relevance of the convention to the country, the National Assembly subsequently ratified CBD in August 1995. The Royal Government of Bhutan became Party to the Convention from 25 August 1995.
The Convention has adopted three Protocols: The Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety in January 2000, Nagoya-Kuala Lumpur Supplementary Protocol on Liability and Redress to the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety, and Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit-Sharing in October 2010.
The Royal Government of Bhutan acceded to the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety on 11 September 2003. The Protocol addresses the safe transfer, handling and use of living modified organisms that may have adverse effects on biodiversity, taking into account of human health, with a specific focus on transboundary movements of living modified organisms.
The Royal Government of Bhutan also ratified the Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit-Sharing on 30 September 2013. The objective of the Protocol is the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources.
The NECS is designated as the focal agency for the CBD under National Environmental Protection Act 2007.The National Biodiversity Centre (NBC) is the National Focal Point for Nagoya Protocol on access to genetic resources and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from their utilization and Bhutan Agriculture and Food Regulatory Authourity(BAFRA) is the national Focal Point for Cartegena Protocol on Biosafety.
As an obligation, Bhutan established the CHM in line with the requirement under Article 18.3 of the Convention. Further, it is also as per the decision X/15, with a mission to contribute significantly to the implementation of the Convention and its Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020, through effective information services and other appropriate means in order to promote and facilitate scientific and technical cooperation, knowledge sharing and information exchange, and to establish a fully operational network of Parties and partners.
Therefore, the CHM in Bhutan is intended to facilitate scientific and technical cooperation in relation to the three objectives of the Convention: conservation, sustainable use and fair and equitable sharing of benefits. The CHM will support the work of the Convention by encouraging cooperation in key areas such as: tools for decision-making, training and capacity-building, research, funding, technology transfer and repatriation of information. In addition, the CMH should provide information and services to facilitate the implementation of the National Biodiversity Action Plan Bhutan. It is intended to encourage relevant partners to contribute to the expansion of the CHM is promote free and open access to data and information for the conservation of biodiversity.
Bhutan CHM effectively provide:
- Information in the national language.
- A brief online version of the latest NBSAP and national report for easy reference (e.g. executive summary).
- News on major Internation and national events related to biodiversity.
- Links to information on national biodiversity, especially if these links are in the NBSAP or national report.
- A directory of institutions and expertise related to NBSAP implementation.
- Additional content or links that respond to other identified national information needs, whenever possible.