The total number of species which have been identified in Bahrain is 1361 species ranging from microbes to large mammals (Table 1). It is highly probable that this number is an underestimate since many taxa have not been adequately identified and inventoried.
About 357 species of wild vascular plants have been recorded in the desert and cultivated areas in
Bahrain offers important wintering grounds for many migratory birds, especially in spring and autumn months. Over 330 species of birds have been inventoried in Bahrain; of which 26 species breed on the islands. The breeding colony of the socotra cormorant Phalacrocorax nigrogularis on
Only 18 species of terrestrial mammals in addition to 3 species of dolphins are found in
|Major Group||Number of Species|
|Sea Shells (Gastropods and Bivalves)||184|
|Total Number of Species||1361|
Because of the wide gaps in the available information, it is difficult at present to undertake thorough assessment of the status of most species inhabiting